Hyper pigmentation is the most common cause of skin issues that can make your skin become dark. Though it is harmless, hyper pigmentation is the result of a high level of melanin in our body. Melanin is a pigment that is responsible for the tone and colour of skin, hair, and eyes
There are various reasons which trigger the level of melanin in our body such as sun exposure, hormonal imbalances, age, inflammation, and injury.
Hyperpigmentation can occur in small patches over large areas and can also affect the entire body. This post will explain what hyperpigmentation is and what measures can be taken to avoid this issue.
Different kinds of hyperpigmentation
There are different kinds of hyper pigmentation, however common symptoms are melasma, dark spots, and inflammatory hyper pigmentation. Let us understand these kinds briefly
Melasma- this condition is believed to occur when there are hormonal changes that is why it is quite common in women during pregnancy. Can be found in any area however it is commonly seen on the stomach and face.
dark spots- also called sunspots or liver spots, it occurs on our skin that is excessively exposed to the sun and its harmful rays. The pigmentation can be found in the areas which are constantly exposed to the sun.
Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation- this kind of pigmentation occurs after the occurrence of an injury or inflammation in the skin. The most common symptom of post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation is acne.
Common symptoms of hyperpigmentation
The most common symptom of hyperpigmentation is uneven skin tone, dark spots, and patchy skin which can develop in any area of the body.
The risk factors of hyperpigmentation
there are various risk factors of hyperpigmentation such as;
– sun exposure
– oral contraceptive that is used during pregnancy
– different medication that can make your skin sensitive towards sun rays
How can we treat pigmentation?
There are diverse ways by which you can treat hyperpigmentation. There are medications which are prescribed by a Dermatologist that contain the ingredient hydroquinone which helps in skin lightening.
You can consume antioxidants such as Vitamin C and glutathione which can be consumed in the form of food and supplements such as Glutone 1000 tablets also helps in treating hyper pigmentation and uneven skin tone.
Use high SPF sunscreen before stepping out in the sun. This will help in adding a layer that will prevent your skin from getting damaged through rays. Choose a sunscreen that comes with zinc oxide as the main ingredient and should have a protection factor of 30 to 50.
How to prevent hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin issue that can be easily prevented by adopting various measures into day-to-day regime.
– Use sunscreen
Use sunscreen before heading out to ensure that your skin is protected from the sun and exposure from ultraviolet rays. It prevents the harmful rays from penetrating deep into your skin.
– lightening cream
This is another way of diminishing the dark spots and other ill effects of hyper pigmentation. This over-the-counter treatment comes with ingredients that help in targeting these blemishes. You can easily apply this once or twice a day to achieve the benefits of skin lightening and brightening. These creams are rich in ingredients like hydroquinone which help in reducing black spots, patches, and uneven skin tone.
– Add supplements rich in antioxidants
Antioxidants such as glutathione, vitamin C, and retinol are efficient in targeting dark skin tone, patches, and signs of ageing such as wrinkles. You can try supplements like Glutone 1000 tablets along with an antioxidant-rich diet such as berries, broccoli, dark chocolates, kale, onions, and spinach are a few things you can add to your diet.
There are various measures that your dermatologist will recommend to reduce hyperpigmentation such as laser peel, intense pulse light therapy, microdermabrasion, dermabrasion, and cryotherapy.
These procedures are prescribed by dermatologists and are done according to the intensity of skin damage you are facing.
The bottom line Dark spots or sun spots are easy to treat and are not that harmful. Using a good sunscreen, antioxidant-rich food, and supplements such as Glutone tablets in your daily regime can help treat hyperpigmentation and issues related to it